January 1st 2016 in Southern Hemisphere
June 1st 2016 in Northern Hemisphere
The ball can be moved backwards hand-to-hand once the maul has formed. A player is not allowed to move/slide backwards in the maul when the player is in possession of the ball and the ripper needs to stay in contact with the jumper until they have transferred the ball.
Sanction: Penalty kick
Ball is transferred backwards in the maul - LEGAL
Ball remains in the middle of the maul - LEGAL
Ball carrier moves / slides towards the back of the maul whilst in possession of the ball - in the future this will be PENALISED
Long placements are to be avoided as they often lead to obstruction and invite attacking players to join in front of the ball. In the future this will be PENALISED