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11 Knock-on or throw forward


  1. A knock-­on may occur anywhere in the playing area.
  2. It is a knock-on when a player, in tackling or attempting to tackle an opponent, makes contact with the ball and the ball goes forward. Sanction: Scrum (if the ball goes into touch, the non-offending team may opt instead for a quick-throw or lineout).
  3. A player must not intentionally knock the ball forward with hand or arm. Sanction: Penalty.
  4. It is not an intentional knock-on if, in the act of trying to catch the ball, the player knocks on provided that there was a reasonable expectation that the player could gain possession.
  5. The ball is not knocked-on, and play continues, if:
    1. A player knocks the ball forward immediately after an opponent has kicked it (charge down).
    2. A player rips or knocks the ball from an opponent and the ball goes forward from the opponent’s hand or arm.
    Charge down

    Throw forward

  6. A throw forward may occur anywhere in the playing area. Sanction: Scrum.
  7. A player must not intentionally throw or pass the ball forward. Sanction: Penalty.